The term has its roots in the tradition of thought known as dialectics, where the thesis and antithesis creatively interact with each other in order to produce higher forms of meaning.Antithesis is a noun, and generally means a person or thing that is the direct opposite of someone or something else.Light is the antithesis of dark, and heaven is the antithesis of hell.
Hamlet sets up his soliloquy with this antithesis and continues with others, including the contrast between suffering whatever fortune has to offer or opposing his troubles.
This is a good example of Shakespeare using antithesis to present to the audience or readers Hamlet’s inner life and the range of his thinking.
In juxtaposition, normally unassociated words or phrases are put next to each other in a sentence or phrase for a discombobulating effect.
Juxtaposition is a common device used in visual art, as well.
Here are some examples of antithesis from famous speeches: Antithesis can be a helpful tool for the author both to show a character’s mindset and to set up an argument.
If the antithesis is something that the character is thinking, the audience can better understand the full scope of that character’s thoughts.The definition of antithesis requires this balanced grammatical structure.The use of antithesis is very popular in speeches and common idioms, as the inherent contrasts often make antithesis quite memorable.Juxtaposition is used by many authors in order to portray deeper characterization, and create suspense and rhetorical effect.Juxtaposing characters who are predominantly good with characters who are predominantly evil, for instance, brings out their strongest qualities in the readers’ minds.The word antithesis is derived from the Greek anti meaning “against,” and tithenai meaning “to place.” Together, antithenai means “set against,” which dates from the early 16th century and late Middle English.Antithesis draws the attention of readers by employing two opposite ideas in the same context.Hamlet considers the important question of “to be, or not to be.” In this line, he is considering the very nature of existence itself.Though the line is quite simple in form it contrasts these very important opposite states.However, juxtaposition does not necessarily deal with completely opposite ideas—sometimes the juxtaposition may be between two similar things so that the reader will notice the subtle differences.Juxtaposition also does not necessitate a parallel grammatical structure.