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The following strategies for integrating sources in your paper are generally accepted by most writing and citation guidebooks.
A tool can be put aside; language cannot.” “If writing is a tool, then it is part of the Cartesian dualistic reality in which we all continue to live. palpable object that one can store in the garage and retrieve as necessary” (Welch 1999, 145).
Benefit of using this strategy: Removing a section from the middle of a quotation allows you to include the best and most pertinent part of the quotation in your essay.
The following covers the basic use of quotation marks.
For details and exceptions consult the separate sections of this guide.
Use direct quotations when the source material uses language that is particularly striking or notable.
Do not rob such language of its power by altering it. said of the Emancipation Proclamation, "This momentous decree came as a great beacon light of hope to millions of Negro slaves who had been seared in the flames of withering injustice." Use an indirect quotation (or paraphrase) when you merely need to summarize key incidents or details of the text.Many writers struggle with when to use direct quotations versus indirect quotations.Use the following tips to guide you in your choice.The text that has been directly quoted must be enclosed in quotation marks and the source must be cited.Example: “If writing is a tool, then it is part of the Cartesian dualistic reality in which we all continue to live.Challenge of using this strategy: The point where a quotation is stopped and restarted should make a smooth connection so that the quote is clear for your reader.Definition: The use of a direct quotation in which the beginning or end of the quote has been revised so that the sentence may be introduced or completed by your own words.In this case, it is not necessary to use quotation marks.However, indirect quotations still require proper citations, and you will be committing plagiarism if you fail to do so.Since you will most often use them when working with outside sources, successful use of quotation marks is a practical defense against accidental plagiarism and an excellent practice in academic honesty.The following rules of quotation mark use are the standard in the United States, although it may be of interest that usage rules for this punctuation do vary in other countries.