To begin, she tells the reader what time of day and what time of year the story takes place.
This is important to get the reader to focus on what a typical day it is in this small town.
Furthermore, Shirley Jackson uses the setting in The Lottery to foreshadow an ironic ending.
First, Shirley Jackson begins The Lottery by establishing the setting.
The time of day is set in the morning and the time of year is early summer.
She also describes that school has just recently let out for summer break, letting the reader infer that the time of year is early summer.
Also, the children are described as gathering rocks, which is an action of many normal children.
She described the men as gathering together and talking about “planting and rain, tractors and taxes”(196).
In addition, she points out the fact that the children are building “a great pile of stones in one corner of the square”(196).
These points should lead the reader to consider that this town is far from normal.