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Newton’s Although Isaac Newton is well known for his discoveries in optics (white light composition) and mathematics (calculus), it is his formulation of the three laws of motion—the basic principles of modern physics—for which he is most famous.His formulation of the laws of motion resulted in the law of universal gravitation.
In mechanics, his three laws of motion, the basic principles of modern physics, resulted in the formulation of the law of universal gravitation.
In mathematics, he was the original discoverer of the infinitesimal calculus.
The two traditions of natural philosophy, the mechanical and the Hermetic, antithetical though they appear, continued to influence his thought and in their tension supplied the fundamental theme of his scientific career.
he branched out into the other literature of modern analysis with its application of algebraic techniques to problems of geometry.
A tiny and weak baby, Newton was not expected to survive his first day of life, much less 84 years.
Deprived of a father before birth, he soon lost his mother as well, for within two years she married a second time; her husband, the well-to-do minister Barnabas Smith, left young Isaac with his grandmother and moved to a neighbouring village to raise a son and two daughters.Born in the hamlet of Woolsthorpe, Newton was the only son of a local yeoman, also Isaac Newton, who had died three months before, and of Hannah Ayscough.That same year, at Arcetri near Florence, Galileo Galilei had died; Newton would eventually pick up his idea of a mathematical science of motion and bring his work to full fruition.The “Quaestiones” also reveal that Newton already was inclined to find the latter a more attractive philosophy than Cartesian natural philosophy, which rejected the existence of ultimate indivisible particles.The works of the 17th-century chemist Hermetic tradition, which sought to explain natural phenomena in terms of alchemical and magical concepts.Yet as far as the universities of Europe, including Cambridge, were concerned, all this might well have never happened.They continued to be the strongholds of outmoded Like thousands of other undergraduates, Newton began his higher education by immersing himself in Aristotle’s work.When Newton arrived in Cambridge in 1661, the movement now known as the scientific revolution was well advanced, and many of the works basic to modern science had appeared.Astronomers from Copernicus to Kepler had elaborated the heliocentric system of the universe.After interrupted attendance at the grammar school in Grantham, Lincolnshire, England, Isaac Newton finally settled down to prepare for university, going on to Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1661, somewhat older than his classmates.There he immersed himself in Aristotle’s work and discovered the works of René Descartes before graduating in 1665 with a bachelor’s degree.