Sample Research Design Paper

Sample Research Design Paper-74
A meta-analysis needs to fulfill the following requirements to ensure the validity of your findings: Mixed methods research represents more of an approach to examining a research problem than a methodology.

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Due to the required time commitment and workload, these types of reviews are often conducted as a group project.

Quantitative research is a method used in the area of sociology.

Causal effect (nomothetic perspective) occurs when variation in one phenomenon, an independent variable, leads to or results, on average, in variation in another phenomenon, the dependent variable. Subsequent experimental designs have used more groups and more measurements over longer periods. California State University, Fresno, 2006; Kirk, Roger E. The focus is on gaining insights and familiarity for later investigation or undertaken when research problems are in a preliminary stage of investigation. This allows the researcher to measure change in variables over time.

Often used in the medical sciences, but also found in the applied social sciences, a cohort study generally refers to a study conducted over a period of time involving members of a population which the subject or representative member comes from, and who are united by some commonality or similarity. Descriptive research designs help provide answers to the questions of who, what, when, where, and how associated with a particular research problem; a descriptive study cannot conclusively ascertain answers to why. True experiments must have control, randomization, and manipulation.. New York: Columbia University Press, 1999; Chapter 2: Research Design, Experimental Designs. (London, England: Sage, 2006), pp, 101-110; Experimental Research. Exploratory designs are often used to establish an understanding of how best to proceed in studying an issue or what methodology would effectively apply to gathering information about the issue.. It is a type of observational study sometimes referred to as a panel study.

A case study is an in-depth study of a particular research problem rather than a sweeping statistical survey or comprehesive comparative inquiry. It uses secondary sources and a variety of primary documentary evidence, such as, diaries, official records, reports, archives, and non-textual information [maps, pictures, audio and visual recordings].

It is often used to narrow down a very broad field of research into one or a few easily researchable examples. A blueprint of the procedure that enables the researcher to maintain control over all factors that may affect the result of an experiment. The limitation is that the sources must be both authentic and valid.Without attending to these design issues beforehand, the overall research problem will not be adequately addressed and any conclusions drawn will run the risk of being weak and unconvincing.As a consequence, the overall validity of the study will be undermined.varies in length depending on the type of design you are using.The The essentials of action research design follow a characteristic cycle whereby initially an exploratory stance is adopted, where an understanding of a problem is developed and plans are made for some form of interventionary strategy.Then the intervention is carried out [the "action" in action research] during which time, pertinent observations are collected in various forms.Causality studies may be thought of as understanding a phenomenon in terms of conditional statements in the form, “If X, then Y.” This type of research is used to measure what impact a specific change will have on existing norms and assumptions. The classic experimental design specifies an experimental group and a control group. Longitudinal research designs describe patterns of change and help establish the direction and magnitude of causal relationships.Most social scientists seek causal explanations that reflect tests of hypotheses. The independent variable is administered to the experimental group and not to the control group, and both groups are measured on the same dependent variable. Measurements are taken on each variable over two or more distinct time periods.The research design refers to the overall strategy that you choose to integrate the different components of the study in a coherent and logical way, thereby, ensuring you will effectively address the research problem; it constitutes the blueprint for the collection, measurement, and analysis of data.The function of a research design is to ensure that the evidence obtained enables you to effectively address the research problem logically and as unambiguously as possible.Cohorts can be either "open" or "closed."Cross-sectional research designs have three distinctive features: no time dimension; a reliance on existing differences rather than change following intervention; and, groups are selected based on existing differences rather than random allocation. The main objectives of meta-analysis include analyzing differences in the results among studies and increasing the precision by which effects are estimated.The cross-sectional design can only measure differences between or from among a variety of people, subjects, or phenomena rather than a process of change. A well-designed meta-analysis depends upon strict adherence to the criteria used for selecting studies and the availability of information in each study to properly analyze their findings.

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