A literature review I am currently working on, for example, explores barriers to higher education for undocumented students.
Step One: Decide on your areas of research: Before you begin to search for articles or books, decide beforehand what areas you are going to research.
Make sure that you only get articles and books in those areas, even if you come across fascinating books in other areas.
The following are some of the more common types of literature reviews. A typology of reviews: an analysis of 14 review types and associated methodologies.
These are more rigorous, with some level of appraisal: Source: Grant, M. Health Information & Libraries Journal, 26(2), 91-108.
Step Three: Find relevant excerpts in your books and articles: Skim the contents of each book and article and look specifically for these five things: 1.
Claims, conclusions, and findings about the constructs you are investigating 2. Calls for follow-up studies relevant to your project 4. Disagreement about the constructs you are investigating When you find any of these five things, type the relevant excerpt directly into a Word document. If there are excerpts that you can’t figure out where they belong, separate those and go over them again at the end to see if you need new categories.
Their system provides an excellent guide for getting through the massive amounts of literature for any purpose: in a dissertation, an M. thesis, or an article or book in any field of study.
Below is a summary of the steps they outline as well as a step-by-step method for writing a literature review.
Step Six: Begin to Write Your Literature Review: Choose any section of your conceptual schema to begin with.
You can begin anywhere, because you already know the order.