Instead of a talk, most first-time presenters choose to share their work in a poster.
Posters require advance preparation, but students often experience less stress (and less of a time constraint) when presenting their work.
As an added bonus, the summarizing may draw a small crowd, allowing students to include everyone in the discussion by making eye contact with each newcomer and smiling a welcome.
After summarizing the poster, students should offer a single-page handout with the poster title, author(s), affiliation, abstract and contact information such as an email address.
Students should remain open and smiling, inviting people with their body language to pause.
When someone does pause at the poster and appears to be reading, students should quickly offer to summarize their research.
Some businesses do not have a large enough paper roll for posters.
Print shops will need a digital copy of the poster, which can be sent by students in a file or taken to the shop.
At conferences, a talk lasts about 15 minutes, and that time limit includes questions from the audience.
Usually, the presentation occurs in a session with three additional talks, and a moderator introduces the session, keeps speakers on time and invites questions from the audience.