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To be sure, the period of socialist governance also witnessed gains, particularly in education, health, and social welfare.Women often benefited from government policies, which in theory guaranteed equality in education, the workplace, and the political system.A pronatal policy from the 1960s on led to improvement in facilities for pregnant women and thus lowered infant mortality (though the government at the same time banned abortions).
If they do, they frequently do not offer the fringe benefits that the socialist State had previously provided.
In addition, the latest United Nations Development Program report notes that “there is a wage gap in Mongolia.
As Mongolia continues to shape its identity in the modern world, this essay examines some of the issues and opportunities facing women today.
Because women in pre-twentieth-century Mongolia assumed such vital roles in the livestock economy, a few among the elite enjoyed more rights and privileges than their counterparts in other East Asian lands.
Welfare benefits, such as pensions for the elderly and subsistence payments for widows and the disabled, also assisted women because they were often responsible for these groups.
Poverty In Mongolia Essay
Moreover, in the rural areas, women herders were eligible for pensions, a unique policy in Asia.
They could manage the herds on their own, permitting total male mobilization for hunts or warfare.
Their vital economic roles translated into considerable power for a few elite women.
The capriciousness of the Mongol environment and the demanding lifestyle of the steppe pastoral nomads necessitated hard work and assumption of responsibilities by all household members, and women often had the heavier loads.
They not only had domestic duties but also assisted in tending animals, milking sheep and goats, producing dairy products, shearing wool, and tanning hides.