Positive And Negative Effect Of Tourism Essay

Positive And Negative Effect Of Tourism Essay-63
Negative impacts of tourism on the environment, which has recently been underestimated, are now becoming an object of close attention of the international community.Such effects are varied and numerous : pollution of natural objects; consumption of natural resources; development of land; degradation of natural landscapes , threats to wildlife and habitats , with consequent loss of biodiversity , finally, the breakdown of local customs and social structures.Negative aspects of tourism development in protected areas are more widely noticed than its positive aspects, as they are more obvious.

Negative impacts of tourism on the environment, which has recently been underestimated, are now becoming an object of close attention of the international community.Such effects are varied and numerous : pollution of natural objects; consumption of natural resources; development of land; degradation of natural landscapes , threats to wildlife and habitats , with consequent loss of biodiversity , finally, the breakdown of local customs and social structures.Negative aspects of tourism development in protected areas are more widely noticed than its positive aspects, as they are more obvious.

At the same time, intensive construction, tourism and infrastructure development " absorbed " most of the island, and led to the loss of farmland.

Uncontrolled and rapid development of tourism has led to a complete change of two traditional villages of the island, which were merged with the newly constructed villages, and turned into a large-scale residential areas, leading to degradation of the environment, local culture and changes in the socioeconomic structure (Mathieson and Wall, 2002) The size of the negative impacts of tourism, which the economy of many countries is currently experiencing today, is huge and many countries do not have sufficient technical and financial capacity to replenish the resources used by tourists and for the disposal of their waste.

For example, Adriatic coast of Italy was devastated due to the rapid growth of brown algae.

Because of the rising level of pollution due to excessive amount of tourists, the attractiveness of such a huge national park, as the Grand Canyon in the United States has significantly decreased.

In many developed countries, areas used for recreation and tourism, are on the third place after the area of agricultural and forest lands.

Rapid growth of the global tourism industry and its large economic benefits makes recreational use of land and promising ability to successfully compete and displace other uses.The main reason for the increase of the island population was the development of infrastructure (construction of ports, expansion of the network of roads, dykes, etc.).It also allowed more tourists and visitors to visit the island, leading to the gaps in such problems as traffic jams, lack of parking, increased crime, and pollution of water and land resources, especially in high season.Water and air quality, aesthetics of landscape and biological diversity are the natural components of the tourism, reproducible result in the functioning of the natural ecosystems.There is hardly any kind of business, which is more interested in the preservation of all components of the environment than tourism is.Nature and territories of attention of tourists are vulnerable and fragile, and recreational resources are finite, they are irreplaceable and have limited opportunities.Their spontaneous and irrational usage creates a number of environmental problems in areas of intensive tourism development, both in industrialized countries and in developing countries.Disturbing the natural cycle and natural regeneration processes, and destroying underbrush undergrowth reduces biological activity of the soil and stands density.It leads to unbearable environmental problems and negative ecological impacts.On the one hand, the mass of visitors coming with the main purpose to visit Yellowstone provides a very substantial income for the entire state of Montana, where the park is situated: during their visit, they use other services, such as restaurants, gas stations and hotels (Gartner, 2006).However, the rapid growth of tourism seriously changed the way of life of the local citizens; they are ready to come up with it, because it will bring additional economic values to their region.

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