This essay series examines the roles that community-based organizations (CBOs) have played as active participants in the process of "governing" megacities whether in service delivery, risk mitigation, or the creation of livelihood and other opportunities.
Air pollution has become one of the biggest environment problems in China, causing severe health risks.
Besides, the laid-off workers of state-owned enterprises are another big problem.”Although the Hangzhou Aidiya Arts & Crafts Company was shut down, residents found that the air quality did not substantially improve.
“We were pretty sure that there must be other polluting enterprises in addition for the Hangzhou Blue Peafowl Chemical Fiber Company,” said one of the leaders of the self-help organization.
Many international journalists were working in China to report the news of the games—a period during which local governments in China were asked to do their utmost to ensure a “harmonious society.” Accordingly, the local EPB decided to increase their efforts to trace the pollution sources at night to address residents’ complaints.
Two additional enterprises, the Hangzhou Plastic Industry Co., Ltd., and the Boom Special Rubber Plastic Industry Co., Ltd., were confirmed as polluting sources and ordered to suspend production for three days to detect the actual pollution emission.
The core areas of Hangzhou contain many chemical plants, printing and pharmaceutical factories, and paper mills, all built in the late 1980s.
In 2006, coal consumption by these polluting enterprises was 80 percent of the entire city, with the pollution discharge accounting for over 70 percent.Residents living around those polluting enterprises experience severe air and water pollution.
Many local residents have complained to the environmental protection authorities, and have registered their protests.
In 2006 alone, the Hangzhou Environmental Protection Bureau (EPB) received up to 1,250 complaints from local residents about industrial pollution.The “Warm Home” community（亲亲家园 ), which was established in 2005, is located in the northwestern part of Hangzhou and consists of more than 6,000 families.