Emic Conceptulisations of (Im)politcncss and Face in Japanese: Implications for the Discursive Negotiation of Second Language Learner Identities.
 Hill, B., Ide, S., Ikuta, S., Kawasaki, A., & Ogino, T. Universals of Linguistics Politeness: Quantitative Evidence from Japanese and American English.
With this framework, one can see politeness strategies in regularities of scientific style—such as the use of pronouns and of passives—that are usually explained in terms of conventions.
The analysis also accounts for some otherwise unexplained stylistic features, such as the use of adverbs in establishing solidarity, and the use of personal attribution in hedging.
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If you have access to a journal via a society or association membership, please browse to your society journal, select an article to view, and follow the instructions in this box. Multilingua— Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication, 8, 223-248. Formal Forms and Discernment: Two Neglected Aspects of Universals of Linguistic Politeness. Politeness and Conversational Universals—Observations from Japanese. Multilingua—Journal of Cross-Cultural and Interlanguage Communication, 8, 207-221.This paper re-examines theories of linguistic politeness in Japanese, and holds that linguistic politeness is a very complicated issue influenced by multiple factors in different layers including general face wants of participants, the participants’ societal positions and social relationships, social norm that the interactants share, the interactants’ discernment or interpretation of the social rules, immediate context of the interaction, and possible strategies for the interactants to choose under the constrains of the other simultaneously functioning factors. Nihongo yoorei, korokeishon joohoo chuushutsu shisutemu “Chakoshi” (Chakoshi: A Japanese Text Search and Collocation Extraction Application). Based on the data collected from recent Japanese TV dramas, this study maintains that, as a general principle, Brown and Levinson’s (1978, 1987) theory of face does apply to Japanese language and culture and forms the base of politeness. Nihongo Kagaku (Japanese Linguistics), 22, 161-172. This paper investigates the use of politeness strategies in 32 discussion sections of research papers produced by Thai graduate students at Graduate School of Language and Communication, National Institute of Development Administration (NIDA), Bangkok, Thailand.The study reported in this paper adopts Brown and Levinson’s (1978, 1987) and Myers’ (1989) models of politeness strategies.Aims to examine consumer politeness, an interaction style that may prevent a dissatisfied customer from complaining about a negative service encounter, and seeks to determine the relationship between politeness and the propensity to engage in various types of complaining behavior.Two surveys served to develop and validate a scale for measuring politeness and tested the relationship between consumer politeness and complaining behavior.With these positive and negative politeness strategies in mind, we can understand better the social significance of the occasional instances in which the writer makes an imposition without redress, or makes the imposition indirectly or chooses not to make it at all.Comparisons with popularizations, a genre in which the writer has a different kind of relation to the reader, and thus uses different kinds of politeness devices, show that these devices arise in response to the interaction embodied in the text.