She told me that I should look at the Cavendish Royal Commission Report on Scientific Instruction from 1870 to 1875.To my delight, shortly afterwards, in the Chatsworth Attic Sale, a copy of the Cavendish Commission reports, all 8 of them, appeared and I duly became the owner of the Duke of Devonshire’s personal copy of his Royal Commission reports.
She told me that I should look at the Cavendish Royal Commission Report on Scientific Instruction from 1870 to 1875.To my delight, shortly afterwards, in the Chatsworth Attic Sale, a copy of the Cavendish Commission reports, all 8 of them, appeared and I duly became the owner of the Duke of Devonshire’s personal copy of his Royal Commission reports.Tags: Argumentative Research Paper Rubric High SchoolTelstra Business Data PlansProblem Solving Flowchart JokeEssay On Dignity Of Human LifeThe Breadwinner Parvana EssayAdmission Essay Writing ServicesPaper Research Schizophrenia
What we would humbly recommend to your Majesty would be the enactment of a law by which experiments upon living animals, whether for original research or for demonstration, should be placed under the control of the Secretary of State, who should have powers to grant licenses to persons and, when satisfied of the propriety of doing so, to withdraw them.
No other persons should be permitted to perform experiments.
These included the discovery of the circulation of blood, the discovery of the lacteal and lymphatic system of vessels, and Sir Charles Bell’s discovery of the compound function of the spinal nerves.
Sir James Paget identified the challenge of discovering an antidote to snake poisons, citing the “many thousands of your Majesty’s Indian subjects who perish annually from snake bites.” Indeed, less than 20 years later Cesaire Phisalix and Gabriel Bertrand, together with Albert Calmette presented to the French Society of Biology on the 10 of February 1894 their independent work on the development of an anti-venom against Viper venom and Indian Cobra venom respectively.
Huxley wrote to Darwin on October 30th, after Klein had provided his evidence: The Commission is playing the deuce with me.
I have felt it my duty to act as counsel for science, and was well satisfied with the way things are going.But Victorian Royal Commission reports are nothing if not deeply specialist; they are neither distinguished by their typography or by their illustrations. This particular lot was padded with a string of other equally esoteric Royal Commission reports, which meant that the transport costs were almost as great as the costs of the books themselves.Amongst the other reports I acquired was the 1876 Royal Commission on Vivisection.But the evidence that probably had the greatest impact of all was that of Dr Emanuel Klein, a physiologist working as an Assistant Professor in the Brown Institute.He appeared completely insensitive to the suffering of animals.At the meeting of the British Association in Edinburgh in 1871, Sir James Paget, father of the Stephen Paget, whom we commemorate tonight, laid a series of resolutions which were passed.These included the following: Firstly: No experiment that can be performed under the influence of an anaesthetic ought to be done without it; Secondly: No painful experiment is justifiable for the mere purpose of illustrating a law or fact already demonstrated.The holders of licences should be bound by conditions, and breach of those conditions should entail the liability to forfeiture of the license, the object of the conditions should be to ensure that suffering should never be inflicted in any case in which it could be avoided, and should be reduced to a minimum where it could not be altogether avoided.This was the first statement, in a way, of the 3 Rs. The result was a Bill placing animal experimentation in Great Britain – akin to the study of human anatomy - under the supervision of the law.It has been proposed to enact that the object in view shall be some immediate application of some expected discovery to some prophylactic or therapeutic end, and that any experiment made for the mere advancement of science shall be rendered unlawful.But this proposal cannot be sustained by reflection upon the actual course of human affairs.