Using the theme of appearance vs reality, Shakespeare delves deep into the darker side of humanity and the inner plotting/scheming of the human mind.
1) Witches: the witches set the scene for confusion and illusion in the play.
Even when you are part of an event you really do not know what is happening around you and why it is happening.
We, the people of today especially, have a very hard time of grasping reality. There was a time when bloodthirsty monarchs would call themselves bloodthirsty monarchs and not try to hide behind the cover of ‘authority’ or ‘just wars’.
Quotes: 4) Macbeth fools Duncan and carries out his coup against him.
In the aftermath of the murder he abandons his once dearly held principles and lies to the assembly.Quotes: 3) Lady Macbeth is the foremost example and epitome of deceit and false appearances.Inwardly she is consumed with a lust for power but outwardly maintains a masquerade of a loving and subservient wife.On the other hand, there are people who are so realistic that they think they are under no illusions.When the actual reality is that each person is under some form of illusion that colors the world that they live in.Maintains his reputation while secretly corrupted by his own delusions of grandeur by building up a masquerade of selfless devotion and martyrdom.Quotes: 5) Banquo is the most subtle example of appearance vs reality. Unlike the others his mask is never unveiled due to his untimely demise at the hands of Macbeth.Most conflicts stem from these imposed illusions on collective or personal level.Some philosophers even suggest that humans are conditioned to imposing these illusions in the form of culture, tradition and politics.This brings one to debate the power of challenging oneself; how often one must challenge himself and what exactly should one challenge in himself. Almost all of us believe in there being one reality which is free from all opinions. The funny thing is that this reality may not really exist.