Kids Essay S 2010

Kids Essay S 2010-37
Still, we can be sure that a child’s early experiences with his or her parents have a profound impact on his or her relationship skills as an adult.Much of the knowledge we have on this subject today comes from a concept developed in the 1950s called The psychological theory of attachment was first described by John Bowlby, a psychoanalyst who researched the effects of separation between infants and their parents (Fraley, 2010).There were several groundbreaking studies that contributed to the development of attachment theory or provided evidence for its validity, including the study described earlier in which infants were separated from their primary caregivers and their behavior was observed to fall into a “style” of attachment.

Still, we can be sure that a child’s early experiences with his or her parents have a profound impact on his or her relationship skills as an adult.Much of the knowledge we have on this subject today comes from a concept developed in the 1950s called The psychological theory of attachment was first described by John Bowlby, a psychoanalyst who researched the effects of separation between infants and their parents (Fraley, 2010).There were several groundbreaking studies that contributed to the development of attachment theory or provided evidence for its validity, including the study described earlier in which infants were separated from their primary caregivers and their behavior was observed to fall into a “style” of attachment.

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Bowlby hypothesized that the extreme behaviors infants engage in to avoid separation from a parent or when reconnecting with a physically separated parent—like crying, screaming, and clinging—were evolutionary mechanisms.

Bowlby thought these behaviors had possibly been reinforced through natural selection and enhanced the child’s chances of survival.

The question posed above is tongue-in-cheek, but it touches upon an important discussion in psychology—what influences children to turn out the way they do?

What affects their ability to form meaningful, satisfying relationships with those around them?

Harlow discovered these interesting findings by conducting two groundbreaking experiments.

In the first experiment, Harlow separated infant monkeys from their mothers a few hours after birth.However, attachment theory takes it one step further, applying what we know about attachment in children to relationships we engage in as adults.These relationships (particularly intimate and/or romantic relationships) are also directly related to our attachment styles as children and the care we received from our primary caregivers (Firestone, 2013).This idea grew into a strategy of helping children by helping their parents, a generally effective strategy given the importance of the child’s relationships with their parents (or other caregivers).At roughly the same time Bowlby was creating the foundations for his theory on attachment, Mary Ainsworth was finishing her graduate degree and studying security theory, which proposed that children need to develop a secure dependence on their parents before venturing out into unfamiliar situations.It’s clear now that not every issue can be traced back to one’s mother.After all, there is another person involved in the raising (or at least the creation) of a child.In 1950, the two crossed paths when Ainsworth took a position in Bowlby’s research unit at the Tavistock Clinic in London.Her initial responsibilities included analyzing records of children’s behavior, which inspired her to conduct her own studies on children in their natural settings. No matter what the “it” refers to, Sigmund Freud would have probably said yes to that question.However, we now know a lot more about psychology, parenting, and human relationships than Freud did.

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