It is imperative, therefore, that people be made aware of what AIDS is, how it spreads and what can be done to prevent infection.Governments and non-profit organizations have instituted various programs not only to do health check-ups but also to dispel the prejudice that attaches itself to this disease and those who suffer from it.
Importance of Awareness There is only one way to fight the spread of AIDS and that is through creating awareness.
Ignorance of is the causes and methods of transfer of HIV and it only makes a bad situation fully worse.
It also helps to remind one that while the pandemic is under control now it is by no means gone and carelessness or apathy will definitely ensure that it comes roaring back.
Introduction AIDS has ended up taking well over 28.9 million lives in the years since the disease was first discovered.
Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome or AIDS is a syndrome that, as the name suggests, weakens the body’s immune system.
The infection is caused by a virus known as Human Immunodeficiency Virus or HIV and is transmitted through unprotected sex, use of needles already exposed to the virus, transfusion of unscreened blood and through gestation from an infected mother to her child.Preventative Measures In order to prevent AIDS from spreading, we need to first know how it spreads.There are three main ways in which HIV can move around from one person to another – unprotected sexual intercourse with an HIV positive partner, transfer of HIV from mother to child, either during pregnancy or during breast feeding, transfusion of blood and needle sharing amongst drug users.Thanks to concerted efforts by governments across the world, advancements in medicine and awareness campaigns, the number of HIV positive people has reduced.However, no cure for the disease has been found yet.Prevention and Treatment Efforts Fortunately, there has been a concerted drive by the UN, the Indian government and various non-profits organizations to reduce the risk that these sections of the populace face.The number of AIDS testing and counselling sites has gone from only 67 in 1997 to 20,000 in 2016.It has no known cure although there are medicines to slow down or completely inhibit the virus spread.Since one of the main methods of transfer of the virus is through unprotected sex, AIDS also carries with it a stigma that ensures that society didn’t discuss it openly for a long time.Thanks to various myths and misconceptions about the syndrome, the virus spread like wildfire and infected millions of people before it could be contained.The fact that it attacks white blood cells thereby weakening immunity is what makes it so deadly, since it undermines the human body’s defence and leaves people who are HIV positive at massive risk.