Given the value-laden nature of some social science research [e.g., educational reform; immigration control], argumentative approaches to analyzing the literature can be a legitimate and important form of discourse.
However, note that they can also introduce problems of bias when they are used to make summary claims of the sort found in systematic reviews [see below].
Reviewing methods of analysis provides a framework of understanding at different levels [i.e.
those of theory, substantive fields, research approaches, and data collection and analysis techniques], how researchers draw upon a wide variety of knowledge ranging from the conceptual level to practical documents for use in fieldwork in the areas of ontological and epistemological consideration, quantitative and qualitative integration, sampling, interviewing, data collection, and data analysis.
If the audience knows more than you do, your purpose is to demonstrate familiarity, expertise, and intelligence with the topic.
In your review of literature you are expected to do the following: The Literature Review must be well structured, and your ideas must flow logically from one point to the next.Use reporting verbs to indicate Through citations, situate your research in a larger narrative.The conscientious use of citations reflects your decisions to give greater emphasis to either the reported author or the reported message.Your ideas should be at the center of your writing, but your work has to be embedded in what has come before to demonstrate its relevance and importance to the subject.The Literature Review connects your ideas to the ideas in your field.As an academic writer, you are expected to provide an analytical overview of the significant literature published on your topic.If your audience knows less than you do on the topic, your purpose is instructional.The purpose is to place research in a historical context to show familiarity with state-of-the-art developments and to identify the likely directions for future research.Methodological Review A review does not always focus on what someone said [findings], but how they came about saying what they say [method of analysis].Integrative Review Considered a form of research that reviews, critiques, and synthesizes representative literature on a topic in an integrated way such that new frameworks and perspectives on the topic are generated.The body of literature includes all studies that address related or identical hypotheses or research problems.