Example: American Airlines, Best Buy, Coca-Cola An indirect or passing reference to an event, person, place, or artistic work Purpose: Allusion allows the audience to connect the characteristics of one object/concept to another.
Example: One everyday example of an allusion is “This place is a Garden of Eden.” Literally, the place probably isn’t evocative of the biblical Garden of Eden in the Book of Genesis, but the intended meaning is that the setting is a paradise.
Comparing two things or instances in time often based on their structure and used to explain a complex idea in simpler terms Purpose: Analogies are typically used to clarify or explain an author’s idea to the reader by likening a new idea to an older, better known one.
However, these 15 terms are some of the must-know concepts necessary for success in the English Literature exam.
I personally found writing the words and their definitions over and over again, an approach known as inculcation, to be the best way for me to master this vocabulary before I took the AP English Literature exam.
Example: An easy way to think of consonance is to remember tongue twisters like “She sells sea shells down by the sea shore.” Refers to the author’s word choice Purpose: Diction is the umbrella term used to identify an author’s choice of words.
This is important to define because understanding diction allows the reader to identify other concepts like the tone of a piece, the intended audience, or even the era in which the piece was written.Evocative words that arouse the senses—touch, sight, smell, etc.—are indicators of imagery at work.The expression of one’s meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite of what the writer intends to achieve a humorous effect or to add emphasis.The author’s word choice can tip the reader off that an ethical appeal is being made.An intentionally exaggerated statement or claim not meant to be taken literally but creating a desired humorous effect Purpose: A hyperbole involves exaggeration in order to create emphasis.Visually descriptive or figurative language Purpose: Imagery is used to characterize objects, actions, and ideas in a way that appeals to our physical senses.The true purpose of imagery is to create a visual imagination of the scenarios or things being described. Imagery is created by the writer’s choice of words.These opposing words or clauses are placed in close proximity within a sentence in order to create a focal point for the reader.Example: A well-known example of antithesis is “Speech is silver, but silence is gold.” The two opposites, speech and silence, are compared to one another by using the stratified value of silver and gold.Repetition of consonant sounds two or more times in short succession within a sentence or phrase Purpose: Consonance is, again, a device used by writers in order to create focus on a particular part of a piece.In many cases, consonance appears in poetry as a device used to create slant rhymes.