Consequently, he does not achieve a truly revolutionary liberation for his characters because he himself must function within the boundaries, even if on the fringe.As a director, Reisz is also confined to the reality of the twentieth century which, though more emancipated than the nineteenth, is still inhibited by public attitude and constraints within the form of media.Taking the resulting factors, I will then examine how they are, or are not, addressed by the film adaptation.
The Bridge by Multiperspectivism The façade of freedom emphasized by Sarah’s character is put forth by Fowles’ implementation of literary postmodernism.
Postmodern multiperspectivism essentially forms the reader’s relationship with , with Fowles as the lens through which the reader views the novel, and Fowles beyond the position as the author. Fowles anticipates the contemporary perspective as a postmodern author and places his expectations of the reader’s response into the creation of his own role in the “cast” of his novel.
Fowles furthers the assurance of freedom by the complexity of character relationships, inviting numerous perspectives for the reader to view as autonomous characters as well as entities created through Fowles.
“We also know that a genuinely created world must be independent of its creator…
His presence fosters the illusion of his authorial freedom, which in turn allows the freedom of his characters.
Fowles stresses, “…novelists write for countless different reasons…Only one same reason is shared by all of us: Or was. We know a world is an organism, not a machine” (96).Thus, Fowles’ bridge not only connects the evolution of attitudes between centuries, but ties the remaining, and perhaps permanent, restraints in the society of yesterday, today, and tomorrow.In this essay I will begin by investigating how the concept of freedom is formed in and the strategies used by Fowles.It is only when our characters and events begin to disobey us that they begin to live” (96).Sarah’s deviation from society also marks some deviation from Fowles’ authority, and leads the reader to believe the freedom and originality she sees in herself must exist.This leads the reader to believe, either by his control or by the naturally organic development of his story, the pursuit and/or attainment of his characters’ emancipations are plausible if not absolute.Multiperspectivism merges the reader’s perspective with Fowles’, transferring his authorial confidence in the freedom of possibility, the randomness and chance occurring in existentialism, to the reader.Charles comes to the realization “her maneuvers were simply a part of her armory, mere instruments to a greater end” (453).Eva Mokry Pohler’s critical essay also addresses Sarah’s purposefulness.The vast verdure, the whispering sea, the azure of the heavens; Lyme Regis in all its deceitful beauty, masking the harsh and bitter reality of Victorian society, is a fixture of John Fowles’ multi-layered, artfully crafted novel .The social struggles within this small pocket of Victorian Britain distinctly portray a much darker image.