You should also submit written permission along with your work.Information on how to write footnotes and endnotes.Others, notably the Chicago Manual of Style, require the use of a shortened citation instead.
In fact, for dissertations and theses, many writers use footnotes to keep track of their citations, adding a short note of what exactly each one adds to the paper.
Once the paper is complete, the writer converts them to endnotes at the end or every chapter, or even removes them all together, and uses a standard APA or MLA bibliography instead.
Footnotes may also appear on the final page of your document (usually this is after the References page).
Center the word “Footnotes” at the top of the page. Content notes provide supplemental information to your readers.
All other sources simply appear in the reference list.
Follow the same formatting rules as with content notes for noting copyright permissions.Academic citation styles, such as the Modern Language Association (MLA) and the American Psychological Association (APA), discourage the use of extensive footnotes. Footnote Number in Line with Text: It is well known that patients who suffer from Crohn's and Colitis can have many debilitating symptoms. Superscripted Footnote Number: It is well known that patients who suffer from Crohn's and Colitis can have many debilitating symptoms.Tip: Some citation styles recommend using the abbreviation "id." or "ibid." if you cite to the same source in footnotes immediately following.Footnote numbers should not follow dashes ( — ), and if they appear in a sentence in parentheses, the footnote number should be inserted within the parentheses.When using the footnote function in a word-processing program like Microsoft Word, place all footnotes at the bottom of the page on which they appear.However, if explanatory notes still prove necessary to your document, APA details the use of two types of footnotes: content and copyright.When using either type of footnote, insert a number formatted in superscript following almost any punctuation mark.The footnote takes the form of a superscripted number, just after a paraphrased piece of information.Subsequently, a cross-reference to this number is inserted at the bottom of the same page.Indent five spaces on the first line of each footnote. When providing content notes, be brief and focus on only one subject. Content notes can also point readers to information that is available in more detail elsewhere.If you quote more than 500 words of published material or think you may be in violation of “Fair Use” copyright laws, you must get the formal permission of the author(s).