Anti-LGBT hate crimes are rooted in general biases against lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender people and in an offender’s belief (correct or incorrect) that the victim is a member of a disfavored group.All LGBT people are potential targets of hate crimes — of which the most frequent are vandalism, criminal threats, and assaults — yet individual rates of victimization also vary by race, age, gender, or other characteristics.These findings suggest the importance of ensuring that any legislation pertaining to LGBT people not stigmatize or marginalize them, because any such legal discrimination can encourage increased violence against members of the LGBT community.
Such cooperation can improve the general societal environment and reduce the biases that encourage hate crimes, at the same time as it improves care for victims.
into the flesh on her stomach.” Mora managed to contact her girlfriend and in turn the police. The so-called investigation included ransacking Mora’s home.
Although a surveillance video showed the man physically assaulting the women, four of the seven women were convicted of crimes in the incident, with sentences ranging from three-and-a-half to 11 years.
How, in the age of anti–hate crime legislation, were these perversions of justice possible?
When she answered no, the police insisted “that she take a polygraph to prove she was telling the truth” and “focused their investigation on a ‘self-infliction of injury,’” despite hospital reports to the contrary.
First they asked whether Mora and her girlfriend had been fighting and if they were on drugs.Timely and accurate data on anti-LGBT hate crimes are also essential to understanding and preventing these crimes.Consequently, the following policies and procedures should be developed to ensure that state and local police departments identify, counter, and accurately report hate crimes: Health care provision to LGBT victims of violence should likewise be improved through increased training for medical care providers.Other policies that promote the recognition of LGBT people as equal citizens — such as legislation recognizing same-sex marriage rights — are associated with reduced rates of anti-LGB hate crimes.And on the other side of the coin, same-sex marriage bans have been associated with higher rates of hate crimes directed against gay and bisexual people.Hate crimes differ from similar crimes not motivated by bias in several important ways.Specifically, they more often involve multiple offenders, increasing the severity and likelihood of injury to victims.The Orlando mass shooting put a new focus on efforts to pass hate crime laws — and the sobering reality that LGBT Americans are more than twice as likely to be the target of a violent hate-crime than Muslims or African-Americans.Gwen Ifill talks to Rachel Tiven of Lambda Legal and Mark Potok of the Southern Poverty Law Center on how recent LGBT rights successes may be stoking more anti-gay violence.Although data collected by the federal government indicate that the incidence of all hate crimes has remained relatively stable over time, the proportion of hate crimes against LGBT individuals has increased in recent years.Despite this increase, available resources are inadequate for victims and the institutions meant to serve their needs are failing to do so.