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For example, the Labour Party in Britain seeks support mainly from the working class and certain sections of the middle class.
Systems with two dominating parties like that of Britain (Labour and Conservative) and United States (Democratic and Republican) tend to lead to a concentration on the ‘middle ground’, where most votes are to be found, and exclude more radical views.
The parties in these countries usually cultivate a moderate image, and sometimes come to resemble one another so closely that the choice they offer is slight.
Political party is an organized group of people who control or seek to control a government.
In democratic countries, political parties compete against one another in elections to keep or gain control of a government.
Party systems take a variety of different forms, from the multi-party system at one extreme, to the one-party monopolistic system at the other. Von der Mehden (1952) considers political systems in terms of a continuum which include societies without parties, one-party non-competitive states, one-party semi-competitive systems, two-party democratic systems and multi-party democratic systems.
In developing societies, David Apter (1965) has argued that the one-party system is crucial for the formation of national identity and rapid economic development, since a single political authority is more effective in the management of industrial development.
Two parties tend to dominate the political system where elections are based on the principle of winner-takes-all.
The candidate who gets the most votes wins the election, no matter what proportion of the overall votes he or she gets.
Political parties differ from interest groups in that the ultimate goal of an interest group is not to gain control of government but to influence government decisions. "By the 1830s political parties were a firmly established part of the political system" ( Thus, although the political parties of today and the very first political parties differ in ideologies, it is clear that it was the original political parties that laid the foundation for the American political system. This is the longest continuous basis of political parties anywhere....
Less Developed Nation: A country with a large rate of population growth, coupled with low national income, along with substantial unemployment and dependence on other countries for commodities Mixed Economy: An economy with characteristics of multiple types of other economies, where both public and private enterprises own pieces of each aspect Nationalization: To bring to a national level; to unify a country or to bring under the control of a nation, specifically industries or land Neoliberalism: "New liberalism ", a combination of liberal political views with an interest in economic growth...