Essay On Thomas Hobbes And John Locke

Essay On Thomas Hobbes And John Locke-33
Thomas Hobbes and John Locke are two political philosophers who are famous for their theories about the formation of the society and discussing man in his natural state.Their theories are both psychologically insightful, but in nature, they are drastically different.Another Hobbes' belief is that most people are selfish and tend to do everything for their own reason.

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Even though they both believed that men naturally have to some extent equality and freedom, what makes their concepts differ is the presence or absence of the natural law.

In Hobbes' theory, men at their natural state are at constant war, the war of all against all.

Control, security and limitation are encountered in each person? Locke maintained that the original state of nature was happy and characterized by reason and tolerance.

He further maintained that all human beings, in their natural state, were equal and free to pursue life, health, liberty, and possessions; and that these were inalienable rights.

We see people who give up their own personal pleasure so they can serve others.

But these people are far and few between, it becomes quickly obvious that humans are drawn towards self-happiness. As a person grows up, they are ideally taught to be good and to do good things, but it is possible that the concept of evil can be presented to us.When this happens, we subconsciously choose whether or not to accept this evil.Locke, consistent with his philosophy, viewed man as naturally moral.Many people have different views on the moral subject of good and evil or human nature.This where the theories of Thomas Hobbes and John Locke become interesting as both men differed in the way they believed human nature to be.Hobbes and Locke both picture a different scene when they express human nature.It is the contention of this paper that humans are born neutral, and if we are raised to be good, we will mature into good human beings.Once the element of evil is introduced into our minds, through socialization and the media, we then have the potential to do bad things.Theses two philosophers both held similar ideas but also have conflicting ideas pertaining to the citizens "social contract" with their rulers, "Natural Condition of Mankind," and sovereignty.John Locke believed that citizens should give power to those who govern them but not absolute power.

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