Dissertations In Sports Psychology

Dissertations In Sports Psychology-12
An athlete's ability to maintain control of their emotions in the face of adversity and remain positive is essential to successful performance.Two emotions that are often associated with poor performance are anxiety and anger.This has led coaches to take an increasing interest in the field of sports psychology and in particular in the area of competitive anxiety.

Confidence results from the comparison an athlete makes between the goal and their ability.The increased stress of competitions can cause athletes to react both physically and mentally in a manner that can negatively affect their performance abilities.They may become tense, their heart rates race, they break into a cold sweat, they worry about the outcome of the competition, they find it hard to concentrate on the task at hand.This is the mental quality to focus on the task at hand.If the athlete lacks concentration, then their athletic abilities will not be effectively or efficiently applied to the task.A total of 1138 athletes (625 males, 513 females) representing 36 sports from four levels of participation were used to develop the Sport Psychology Attitudes Questionnaire (SPAQ).In Study I, exploratory factor analysis produced a two-factor solution that accounted for 37.1% of the overall variance: (a) belief in the credibility of sport psychology (14 items) and (b) preference for similarity with a sport psychology consultant (SPC) (7 items). This dissertation is part of the collection entitled: UNT Theses and Dissertations and was provided by UNT Libraries to Digital Library, a digital repository hosted by the UNT Libraries.For each of these goals, the athlete can use a trigger word (a word which instantly refocuses the athlete's concentration to the goal) e.g.sprinting technique requires the athlete to focus on being tall, relaxed, smooth and to drive with the elbows - trigger word could be "technique" Athletes will develop a routine for competition that may include the night before, the morning, pre-competition, competition and post-competition routines.When an athlete has self-confidence they will tend to: persevere even when things are not going to plan, show enthusiasm, be positive in their approach and take their share of the responsibility in success and fail.To improve their self-confidence, an athlete can use mental imagery to: Good goal setting (challenging yet realistic) can bring feelings of success.


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