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This article examines whether exposure to the arts has an effect on the ability of students to engage in critical thinking.We conduct a randomized controlled trial involving 3,811 students who were assigned by lottery to participate in a School Visit Program at the newly opened Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art.Integrated pre- and post-tests showed a significant increase in students’ critical thinking performance.
In light of recent declines in the availability of the arts for disadvantaged populations, our results have important policy implications for efforts to restore and expand access to the arts.
Although nearly all educators value as an outcome for students skillful critical thinking, defined as well-reasoned reflection informing decisions (Ennis, 1987), many still choose to limit student decision-making and to avoid opportunities for practicing critical thinking.
Others expect critical thinking to happen outside of school.
Still others avoid open-ended problems that might lead to classroom management issues or indicate a lack of authority on the part of the teacher.
But the visible manifestation of art students’ creative problem solving can be messy and unpredictable.
Critical Thinking In Art How To Write A Science Research Proposal
Choosing the safer route, many art teachers do the bulk of the decision-making themselves and encourage the students to be imitative, justifying this route as a way of boosting student confidence through attractive display and audience approval. Nancy Lampert of Virginia Commonwealth University writes and teaches about critical thinking and art education.
The characteristics of the program that produced these results are commonly found in rigorous art education programs.
Three components comprised the program model: She anticipates that more empirical studies like hers are needed in order to demonstrate a generalizable effect.
It is also recognizable in the 2015 National Core Art Standards and associated Model Cornerstones Assessments. National Coalition for Core Arts Standards (2015) National Core Arts Standards.
Both of these resources have had a significant impact on art education in the United States, codifying high expectations for critical thinking in art class. Rights Administered by the State Education Agency Directors of Arts Education. Steve supports advanced and gifted students of Santa Fe Public Schools as a Gifted Specialist and maintains National Board Certification in Teaching Early/Middle Childhood Art.