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Prospero’s Plottings After years of writing plays of history, tragedy, grand comedy and dramatic romance, William Shakespeare emerged from his darker writing of the past into the lighter, more peaceful style of his play “The Tempest.” This was Shakespeare’s last complete play, and, just as he bid farewell to the art he had so mastered, his principal character Prospero departs from his artful magic on the island he omnisciently controls.Ironically, Antonio coaxes Sebastian to plot to depose Alonso while they are being punished on the island because of usurpation.
That was twelve years ago, when he and his young daughter, Miranda, were set adrift on the sea, and eventually stranded on an island.
Among those onboard the shipwreck are Antonio and Alonso.
A ship is caught in a powerful storm, there is terror and confusion onboard, and the ship is shipwrecked.
But the storm is a magical creation carried out by the spirit Ariel, and caused by the magic of Prospero, who was the Duke of Milan, before his dukedom was usurped and taken from him by his brother Antonio (aided by Alonso, the King of Naples).
In the end, all are brought before Prospero who forgives all, but reclaims his Dukedom, and releases Ariel and Caliban from his control.
He renounces his magical powers and returns to Italy having learned the virtues of self-mastery from his exile.
Caliban, Trinculo, and Stephano, on the other hand, operate on a much more physical, basic level in their plot against Prospero, lessening both imputableness and punishment.
Ferdinand proves to be an upstanding young man as he courts and weds the guileless Miranda; the audience is led to think he will serve well when he is king of Naples.
His brother Antonio contrasts with him in that while the usurping Duke has excellent rational skills, these are only used to service his own unremorseful greed for power.
He is even more culpable as he leads the weaker Sebastian to consider following his example while silencing the good counselor Gonzalo.