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During the second half of the twentieth century, the two primary methods used for the long-term storage of digital information were magnetic and optical recording.
This two-month workshop marks the official birth of AI, which brought together young researchers who would nurture the field as it grew over the next several decades: Marvin Minsky, Claude Shannon, Arthur Samuel, Ray Solomonoff, Oliver Selfridge, Allen Newell, and Herbert Simon.
It would be difficult to argue that the technologies derived from AI research had a profound effect on our way of life by the beginning of the 21st century.
Line-scanning frequencies were typically from 15 to 20 kilohertz—similar to television.
CRT displays rapidly developed after the introduction of video graphics array (VGA) technology (640 by 480 pixels in16 colors) in the mid-1980s and scan frequencies rose to 60 kilohertz or more for mainstream displays; 100 kilohertz or more for high-end displays.
The display is an essential part of any general-purpose computer.
Its function is to act as an output device to communicate data to humans using the highest bandwidth input system that humans possess—the eyes.
Much of the development of computer displays has been about trying to get closer to the limits of human visual perception in terms of color and spatial resolution.
Mainframe and minicomputers used ‘‘terminals’’ to display the output.
More than this, AI has provided a powerful and defining image of what computer technology might someday be capable of achieving.
Interactive computer and video games were first developed in laboratories as the late-night amusements of computer programmers or independent projects of television engineers.