Instead of focusing on higher education, they would instead focus on industrial education and become better workers. Washington was not necessarily to blame for the black man’s loss of status in the United States.
This site on Du Bois offers a lengthy biographical summary and a bilbiography of his writings and books.
A summary of Booker T.’s life, philosophy and achievements, with a link to the famous September 1895 speech, “the Atlanta Compromise,” which propelled him onto the national scene as a leader and spokesman for African Americans.
In the interview, Du Bois discusses Booker T., looks back on his controversial break with him and explains how their backgrounds accounted for their opposing views on strategies for black social progress Here is the full text of this classic in the literature of civil rights.
It is a prophetic work anticipating and inspiring much of the black consciousness and activism of the 1960s.
A staunch supporter of the Negro’s success, Washington introduced Tuskegee University and was able to curry favor with both the North and the South.
Washington’s 1895 Atlanta Compromise was one of the most notable successes on behalf of African-Americans in the late nineteenth century.
Their opposing philosophies can be found in much of today’s discussions over how to end class and racial injustice, what is the role of black leadership, and what do the ‘haves’ owe the ‘have-nots’ in the black community. Washington, educator, reformer and the most influentional black leader of his time (1856-1915) preached a philosophy of self-help, racial solidarity and accomodation.
However, they sharply disagreed on strategies for black social and economic progress.
Du Bois contends that radicals saw this speech as an act of surrender to the white race.
African-Americans, they believed, were accepting their place in society.