Although income-based rankings are important, the “are not the only measure of development” (Calhoun et al., 1997, p.
If you are quoting from a work, you will need to include the author’s last name, year of publication, and the page number (p.#) or paragraph number (para.#).
Specific citations of pages or chapters: The study (Jones, 2004) found that “children tend to prefer grazing over set meal times” (p. The idea that “children tend to prefer grazing over set meal times” was documented in the study (Jones, 2004, p. Source with two authors: As Calhoun and Keller (1997) point out, “Income –based rankings are not the only measure of development” (p. Although income-based rankings are important, the “are not the only measure of development” (Calhoun & Keller, 1997, p. Three to five authors: The first time you mention the source, include it in your sentence and list all authors.
As Calhoun, Keller, and Litner point out, “Income –based rankings are not the only measure of development” (p. The next time you reference the source, name only the first author, followed by “et al.” in place of the other names.
You do not need to give sources for familiar proverbs, well-known quotations or common knowledge.
Remember, this is a rhetorical choice, based on audience.
plays, books, television shows, entire websites) and provide a page number. In this example, since the reader does not know the author of the article, an abbreviated title of the article appears in the parenthetical citation which corresponds to the full name of the article which appears first at the left-hand margin of its respective entry in the Works Cited.
We see so many global warming hotspots in North America likely because this region has "more readily accessible climatic data and more comprehensive programs to monitor and study environmental change . Thus, the writer includes the title in quotation marks as the signal phrase in the parenthetical citation in order to lead the reader directly to the source on the Works Cited page.
For example: If you cite more than one work by a particular author, include a shortened title for the particular work from which you are quoting to distinguish it from the others.
Put short titles of books in italics and short titles of articles in quotation marks.