If the parents expose the child to warmth, regularity, and dependable affection, the infant's view of the world will be one of trust.
Should the parents fail to provide a secure environment and to meet the child's basic needs; a sense of mistrust will result. Development of mistrust can lead to feelings of frustration, suspicion, withdrawal, and a lack of confidence. According to Erik Erikson, the major developmental task in infancy is to learn whether or not other people, especially primary caregivers, regularly satisfy basic needs.
He has also the experience of relation with people of both the sexes and different ages, and of the multifarious business of adult life.” Thus, it is in the family that the child has his first social relationships, in which and through which he acquires and organises his experience.
It is in the family that he acquires and organises his experience.
It is in the family that he acquires many of the social patterns, habits, manners and attitudes which determine his future adjustment.
Again it is here that he learns how to speak, talk, eat, wear clothes, live neatly and greet others respectfully.
It enriches human personality and adds grace to it.
Russell says, “Home gives the child experience of affection and of a small community in which he is important.
Each stage is characterized by a psychosocial crisis of these two conflicting forces (as shown in the table below).
If an individual does indeed successfully reconcile these forces (favoring the first mentioned attribute in the crisis), he or she emerges from the stage with the corresponding virtue.