City: Staging Venue In-Text Citations “Sentence…..” (Surname , year) Surname (year) described “direct quote” (pp) ….
In APA style, source material is cited using a system that emphasizes the author and date of publication in its in-text citations.
When citing an interview, provide the date the interview occurred: R. Valesquez (letter to author, November 17, 2000) noted misapplication as the source of poor product results. O'Connor (personal interview, March 3, 2001) indicated that an environmental task force is being established to evaluate the most pressing problems and strategies for addressing them.
Recoverable electronic sources When citing recoverable electronic sources in text (that is, those sources that have an Internet address), use the author-date method described above.
In APA style, only the author's last name is used in the document as a whole and within in-text citations in particular.
If the author's name is mentioned in the text Most often, an author's last name appears in the text with the date of publication immediately following in parentheses: Note: If you cite the same source a second time within a paragraph, the year of publication may be omitted.For a passing reference to a website in text, the URL is sufficient; no reference list entry is needed.Gussie Fink-Nottle has set up a discussion forum for newt fanciers (If there are two authors When a work has two authors, always cite both names every time the source is cited in the text: Katzenbach and Smith (1993) define a team as "a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable" (p. A team is defined as "a small number of people with complementary skills who are committed to a common purpose, performance goals, and approach for which they hold themselves mutually accountable" (Katzenbach & Smith, 1993, p. Cogdill, Fanderclai, Kilborn, and Williams (2001) argue that "making backchannel overtly available for study would require making its presence and content visible and its content persist, affecting the nature of the backchannel and raising social and ethical issues" (p. (Again, if the authors' names appear parenthetically rather than in the text itself, connect the final two names with a comma and an ampersand).In all subsequent citations, include only the name of the first author followed by et al.To start referencing select the type of source you want to reference from the options below: The reference tools above are also a helpful learning tool for how to create your own references and if used in conjunction with our related referencing guides you should be up and creating your references and in-text citations in no time at all.If you have any suggestions on how we can improve the APA Reference Generator please head over to our Facebook page and leave a comment.Specific page numbers for paraphrased or quoted material appear within the parenthetical citation following the abbreviation for page (p.).The location of the parenthetical citation for a quote depends upon the placement of quoted material within the sentence: Nonrecoverable sources Personal communications (letters, interviews, email, and other nonrecoverable sources) are cited in the text of the paper rather than in the reference list at the end.Also, when quoting or paraphrasing source material from an Internet source, include either the paragraph number or "n.p." (for no page) directly following the quote or paraphrase: ; it may be copied for educational purposes only.If you copy this document, please include our copyright notice and the name of the writer; if you revise it, please add your name to the list of writers.