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However, printing was established in the American colonies before it was allowed in most of England.
William Faulkner became one of the greatest American writers with novels like The Sound and the Fury. Depression era writers included John Steinbeck, notable for his novel The Grapes of Wrath.For instance, when the English conquered New Amsterdam in 1664, they renamed it New York and changed the administrative language from Dutch to English.From 1696 to 1700, only about 250 separate items were issued from the major printing presses in the American colonies.At the turn of the twentieth century a strong naturalist movement emerged that comprised writers such as Edith Wharton, Stephen Crane, Theodore Dreiser, and Jack London.American writers expressed disillusionment following World War I. Scott Fitzgerald captured the mood of the 1920s, and John Dos Passos wrote too about the war. American drama attained international status at the time with the works of Eugene O'Neill, who won four Pulitzer Prizes and the Nobel Prize.This is a small number compared to the output of the printers in London at the time.London printers published materials written by New England authors, so the body of American literature was larger than what was published in North America.American literature is literature written or produced in the United States of America and its preceding colonies (for specific discussions of poetry and theater, see Poetry of the United States and Theater in the United States).Before the founding of the United States, the British colonies on the eastern coast of the present-day United States were heavily influenced by English literature.America's involvement in World War II influenced works such as Norman Mailer's The Naked and the Dead (1948), Joseph Heller's Catch-22 (1961) and Kurt Vonnegut Jr.'s Slaughterhouse-Five (1969).The main literary movement since the 1970s has been postmodernism, and since the late twentieth century ethnic and minority literature has sharply increased.