1984 Essays Totalitarianism

This essay will take this as its thesis and flesh out arguments and evidence in support.There are several methods adopted by the party to dehumanize its population.Orwell, however, was deeply disturbed by the widespread cruelties and oppressions he observed in communist countries, and seems to have been particularly concerned by the role of technology in enabling oppressive governments to monitor and control their citizens.

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Once that is granted, all else follows.” The converse of this quote is that by disallowing fundamental freedoms that are inherent to humanity Big Brother and his Party are able to produce a dehumanized, mechanical race of people.

In other words, dehumanization is both the cause and effect of a totalitarian political system.

As the novel progresses, the timidly rebellious Winston Smith sets out to challenge the limits of the Party’s power, only to discover that its ability to control and enslave its subjects dwarfs even his most paranoid conceptions of its reach.

As the reader comes to understand through Winston’s eyes, The Party uses a number of techniques to control its citizens, each of which is an important theme of its own in the novel.

The most prominent message of 1984 is that totalitarianism destroys all that is civil and noble in human beings.

In the novel, Orwell writes “Freedom is the freedom to say two plus two equals four.After being subjected to weeks of this intense treatment, Winston himself comes to the conclusion that nothing is more powerful than physical pain—no emotional loyalty or moral conviction can overcome it.By conditioning the minds of their victims with physical torture, the Party is able to control reality, convincing its subjects that 2 2 = 5.The title of the novel was meant to indicate to its readers in 1949 that the story represented a real possibility for the near future: if totalitarianism were not opposed, the title suggested, some variation of the world described in the novel could become a reality in only thirty-five years.Orwell portrays a state in which government monitors and controls every aspect of human life to the extent that even having a disloyal thought is against the law.The telescreens also monitor behavior—everywhere they go, citizens are continuously reminded, especially by means of the omnipresent signs reading that the authorities are scrutinizing them.The Party undermines family structure by inducting children into an organization called the Junior Spies, which brainwashes and encourages them to spy on their parents and report any instance of disloyalty to the Party.Additionally, the Party employs complicated mechanisms (1984 was written in the era before computers) to exert large-scale control on economic production and sources of information, and fearsome machinery to inflict torture upon those it deems enemies.1984 reveals that technology, which is generally perceived as working toward moral good, can also facilitate the most diabolical evil.The Party controls every source of information, managing and rewriting the content of all newspapers and histories for its own ends.The Party does not allow individuals to keep records of their past, such as photographs or documents.


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